Millimeter wave is an indispensable part of 5G, helping 5G unleash its full potential, and the global 5G millimeter wave industry is gaining momentum. As the best partner of 5G, how will mmwave develop in the future?
5G mmwave applications are mainly divided into 2C and 2B. In the 2C application scenario, 5G mmwave is more suitable for use in traffic-intensive streets, such as competition venues, performance venues and other scenarios to serve mobile terminals. In addition, it can also be used as a backhaul to supplement the implementation of IAB, and backhaul can be used to realize the deployment of 5G base stations, thereby expanding the service range of the network. In 2B applications, millimeter waves are used in fields such as smart factories, parks, docks, and transportation with the characteristics of high speed, low latency, easy isolation, and higher positioning accuracy. In addition, the ultra-large bandwidth attributes of millimeter waves can also be applied to services such as real-time media broadcasting and rapid deployment monitoring.
Based on the special physical characteristics of mmwave in 5G networks, operators generally have a certain consensus on the positioning of mmwave scenarios, that is, business hot spots in commercial pedestrian blocks, various venues, stations, and airports. At present, most operators are doing early testing and verification, and the deployment strategy is the capacity absorption layer of the city's high-service hotspots. In the future, because of its small equipment, easy deployment, and large capacity, mmwave can provide a single point rate capability exceeding 10Gbit/s with the update of technology, providing very good transmission capabilities for applications, and will accelerate the production of more realistic imaging technologies, such as holographic communication, immersive VR cloud games, networked robots and other services.
In 2B applications, mmwave can be used in fields such as smart factories, parks, docks, and transportation with the characteristics of high speed, low latency, easy isolation, and higher positioning accuracy. In addition, the ultra-large bandwidth attributes of mm waves can also be applied to services such as real-time media broadcasting and rapid deployment monitoring.
The millimeter wave technology has rich spectrum, great potential, and broad application prospects. It is expected that in the middle and late stages of 5G, after the Sub-6GHz frequency band is fully applied, 5G millimeter wave will be an inevitable choice. It is expected that millimeter waves will enhance the ability of 5G to serve the society. It can extend the service capability range of 5G systems to a large extent to meet the increasing demand for data traffic, and activate innovations for vertical industries, thereby promoting the digital transformation of the whole society. As one of the core technologies in high-speed access, industrial automation, medical health, intelligent transportation, and virtual reality, 5G mmwave has broad application prospects.