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MIMO OTA Test System

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With the iterative evolution of wireless communication technology, the OTA (Over The Air) test standards for space radiated power and receiver performance of mobile devices are becoming more and more important, especially in the post-4G and 5G era.OTA testing can accurately predict the actual performance of mobile devices. For LTE applications, MIMO OTA testing needs to be completed. From the 5G development, OTA testing will become an essential test method, and its technical complexity will be enhanced.


Today, 4G is in the ascendant, 5G is expected to arrive early, improving network throughput, it is necessary to widely use MIMO technology. The number of antennas in large-scale MIMO base stations ranges from 32 to 256 or more. Traditional MIMO tests are usually performed on wired connections and have limitations in understanding device performance in depth. In contrast, large-scale MIMO OTA tests can take antennas into account to obtain more accurate device performance in real applications.


This test system is a multi-probe MPAC (Multi-Probe Anechoic Chamber) test system with a sub 6G band. The multi-probe anechoic chamber test method is a reference method for the MIMO OTA test. By arranging an antenna array around the measuring device (EUT), the spatial distribution of the arrival angle in the MPAC system is simulated to place EUT in a simulated complex multipath far-field environment.


As shown in the following figure, the signal is sent from the base station (or base station emulator) to the channel emulator. After adding Doppler and fading characteristics to each path, the channel simulator injects all directional signals into the test area of the darkroom center at the same time by the uniformly arranged antenna array, simulates the spatial distribution of the arrival angle, and simulates the complex multipath far-field environment in the center area of the darkroom.


This test system not only supports common channel models such as SCM, SCME, WINNER, WINNER II but also supports the latest channel models of 3GPP 38827 FR1: Uma CDL-A~E and UMi CDL A~E, as well as extensible three-dimensional channel simulation to satisfy the spatial distribution of 5G elevation arrival angle.

MIMO_OTA2.pngIn order to achieve the above application scenario test in the laboratory, this test system has a perfect experimental environment such as a full-wave anechoic chamber, a two-dimensional horizontal probe ring (which can be extended to a three-dimensional probe ring), broadband Vivaldi antenna array, power amplifier set, and high-precision turntable. Through access to the base station emulator, advanced instruments such as high-end channel emulator can be used to test the communication performance of the terminal, chip, and other morphological devices, such as DL MIMO and UL MIMO.

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A complete set of millimeter-wave base station performance test system includes:


  • RS Test

  • Horizontal probe ring

  • Broadband Vivaldi antenna array

  • Communication antenna

  • Power amplifier set

  • Low noise amplifier set

  • Multi-axis positioner



The system works with the base station emulator, channel emulator, and terminal device to validate scenarios defined by 3GPP TR37977 and TR38827.


Compliance with 3GPP TR37977, TR38827, and CTIA-Test-Plan-for-2x2-Downlink-MIMO-and-Transmit-Diversity-Over-the-Air-Performance standards.



technical parameter

Item

Parameter

Remark

System

Size

6*6*6m

Customizable to the actual condition

Probe ring

inside diameter:3.2m

Outside diameter:4m


Frequency

0.4~7.2GHz


Shielding effectiveness

>100dB@7.2GHz


Test area

>28cm@3GHz

>20cm@6GHz


Antenna

QTY

Horizontal Ring*8

The horizontal ring can be extended to 16;

Elevation extension, up to 8 up and down extension rings

Angular Interval

45°

Equal spacing

Frequency

0.4~7.2GHz


Polarization

Bipolarization


Port isolation

>25dB


VSWR

<2

Typ.

Gain

4dBi

Typ.

Beam width(3dB)

>50°@3.5GHz


Cross Polarization Ratio

>20dB


Multi-axis positioner

Axis

1


Angle range

0~360°


Angle step

≥0.1°


Angular Precision

<±0.05°


Repetition accuracy

<±0.05°


Speed

≤20°/s


Bearing

>20kg



Advantage:

  • Supports the channel model defined by 3GPP TR37977, TR38827;

  • Simple graphical interface;

  • Turn-key solutions;

  • Extensible 3-D probe ring;

  • Extensible UL MIMO tests;

  • Extensible scenario testing for other wireless communication systems, such as BT, WIFI, NB-IoT, ZigBee, etc


Products

Hangzhou Yongxie Technology Co., Ltd.
HBTE develops, produces and markets a wide range of RF capital devices for industry, infrastructure operators, education and research institutions customers.